THE YEAR OF 1938
Born : JAN 2 David Bailey, English photographer.
Born : 5 Juan Carlos of Spain, King.
Born : 11 Arthur Scargill, British mineworkers' union president.
Born : 14 Allen Toussaint, singer-songwriter.
Born : 14 Jack Jones, singer.
Born : 31 Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard, queen of Netherlands (1980- )
3 BBC's first foreign language broadcast - in Arabic.
5 Billie Holiday recorded 'When you're Smiling' in New York.
6 Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud escaped to London,
avoiding Nazi persecution.
14 Walt Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs opened in the USA.
25 Sun spot activity made 'northern lights' visible in Europe.
28 First Ski Tow starts running (in Vermont).
Born : FEB 13 Oliver Reed, British film actor.
Born : 26 Tony Selby, actor.
Died : 21 George Ellery Hale, US astronomer.
20 Anthony Eden resigned as foreign secretary over policy.
24 World's first nylon product was made in USA, toothbrush bristles.
Born : MAR 14 Quincy Jones, singer.
Born : 17 Rudolf Nureyev, Russian ballet dancer.
Born : 31 Lord (David) Steel of Aikwood, ex Liberal Party leader.
Died : 1 Gabriele d'Annunzio, Italian soldier poet.
Died : 14 Nikolai Bukharin, Russian politician.
11 Germany invades Austria.
12 Germany annexed Austria.
13 Hitler invaded Austria.
14 Following a show trial 18 executed in Stalinist govt purge.
14 Hitler made a triumphant entry into Vienna after the
proclamation of the Auchluss, union of Austria and Germany
18 Mexico takes control of foreign-owned oil properties.
19 BBC televised first rugby match, Twickenham, Scot. 21 England 16.
Born : APR 1 Ali McGraw, US film actress.
Born : 6 Paul Daniels, English magician and entertainer.
Born : 15 Claudia Cardinale, actress.
Born : 20 Peter Snow, TV presenter.
Born : 26 Duane Eddy, guitarist.
Died : 12 Fyodor Chaliapin, Russian operatic bass.
8 Leon Blum resigned as French premier.
12 First US law requiring medical tests for marriage licenses, NY
21 Douglas Hyde elected president of Ireland.
Born : MAY 24 Tommy Chong, comedian.
10 Thomas Cook started 8 day package trips to France for £8.37.
26 In Washington DC the House Committee to Investigate
Un-American Activities commenced.
31 BBC broadcast it's first television game show, Spelling Bee
Born : JUN 14 Julie Felix, singer.
Born : 16 James Bolam, actor.
Born : 20 Mickie most, record producer.
Born : 27 Alan Coren, journalist and broadcaster.
Born : 27 Shirley Anne Field, actress.
Born : 27 Tommy Cannon, comedian. (Cannon & Ball)
7 the 1st Boeing 314 Clipper "Flying Boat" is flown by Eddie Allen.
14 Chlorophyll patented by Benjamin Grushkin. How'd he do that?
25 Federal minimum wage law guarantees workers 40› per hour.
25 Minimum wage introduced in the USA - 25 cents per hour.
Born : JUL 2 David Owen, British politician.
Born : 16 Anita Brookner, novelist.
Born : 20 Diana Rigg, English actress.
Born : 22 Terence Stamp, British actor.
2 US tennis star Helen Wills Moody wins Wimbledon 8th time.
3 British locomotive Mallard sets a new world speed record
for steam-driven engine, 126 mph over distance of 5 miles.
5 Herb Caen gets his first column in the S.F. Chronicle.
9 Anticipating WW II, 35 million gas masks were issued in Britain.
18 Douglas `Wrong Way' Corrigan lands in Ireland-left NY for Calif
29 Jenny Kammersgaad (Danish) first to swim the Baltic sea.
29 The first edition of the Beano comic published.
Born : AUG 3 Terry Wogan, broadcaster.
Born : 9 Rod Laver, Australian tennis player.
Born : 21 Kenny Rogers, singer.
Born : 25 Frderick Forsyth, novelist.
Born : 29 Elliott Gould, actor.
Died : 7 Constantin Stanislavsky, Russian theatre director.
4 Wolverhampton Wanderers sell Bryn Jones to Arsenal, £13000.
Born : SEP 2 Michael Hastings, English dramatist.
Born : 10 David Hamilton, disc jockey.
Born : 11 Eddie George, governor of the Bank of England.
Born : 13 John Smith, British politician.
Born : 13 Judith Martin, Miss Manners
Born : 14 Princess Alexandra.
Born : 26 Lennie Bennett, comedian.
Born : 28 Ben E King, soul singer.
Died : 10 Charles Cruft, British dog expert.
16 Britain George Eyston sets new land speed record of 357mph.
24 American Don Budge became the first Grand Slam winner of
the four major tennis matches, UK, USA, French and Australian.
27 Liner Queen Elizabeth launched, world record at 80000 tons.
SEP 27 The Beano (children's comic) published for the first time.
30 Neville Chamberlain waved peace agreement he signed with Hitler.
Born : OCT 3 Eddie Cochran, US singer.
Born : 17 Ann Jones, English tennis player.
Born : 17 Robert 'Evel' Knievel, motorcycle daredevil
Born : 19 Bill Morris, trade union leader.
Born : 22 Sir Derek Jacobi, actor.
Born : 28 David Dimbleby, broadcaster.
1 German forces entered Sudetenland, Czechoslovakia.
22 American Chester Carlson takes the first Xerox copy, a note which said '10-22-38 ASTORIA' , the date and place.
27 DuPont announces its new synthetic fiber will be called 'nylon'
30 Orson Welles panics nation with broadcast: "War of the Worlds"
Born : NOV 6 P J Proby, singer.
Born : 7 Barry Newman, actor.
Born : 17 Gordon Lightfoot.
Born : 19 Ted Turner, media mogul.
Born : 26 Tina Turner, US rock singer.
Died : 10 Mustapha Kemal Ataturk, Turkish statesman.
1 Orson Welles 'War of the Worlds' dramatisation broadcast.
10 Kristallnacht, Nazis burned 267 synagogues and thousands of
Jewish homes and businesses in Germany.
22 Coelacanth, prehistoric fish believed extinct, caught off Africa.
Born : DEC 12 Connie Francis, singer.
Born : 14 Janette Scott, actress.
Born : 16 Liv Ullman, Norwegian actress.
Born : 17 Peter Snell, New Zealand athlete.
Born : 18 Chas Chandler, musician. (The Animals)
Born : 29 John Voight, US film actor.
Died : 25 Karel Capek, Czech dramatist.
2 German-Jewish school children (206) exiled to England.
30 Electronic television system patented, VK Zworykin
31 Dr RN Harger's "drunkometer" used by police in Indianapolis.
31 First pressurised airliner,Boeing Stratoliner,first flight.