THE YEAR OF 1919
Born : JAN 1 J. D. Salinger, author of 'Catcher in the Rye'.
Born : 13 Robert Stack, US film actor.
Born : 23 Sergei Eisenstein, early film director
Born : 31 Jackie Robinson, 1st black major league baseball player
Died : 6 Theodore Roosevelt, US statesman and former president.
Died : 15 Rosa Luxemburg, German socialist.
3 The atom was split by New Zealand born British Physicist
Professor Ernest Rutherford.
5 The National Socialist (Nazi) Party was founded in Germany.
13 Huge 388 carat diamond was found in at Kimberley, South Africa.
15 'Bloody' Rosa Luxembourg, leader of the German Spartacists,
murdered by troops while in custody.
18 Versailles Peace Conference, ending World War I
Born : FEB 5 Red Buttons, comedian, actor.
3 League of Nations held it's first meeting in Paris.
19 French Premier Georges Clemeceau, shot by an anarchist.
23 Benito Mussolini founded the Italian Fascist Party.
25 Oregon is first state to tax gasoline (1 cent per gallon).
Born : MAR 17 Nat King Cole, silky voice.
3 First international air mail run, Seattle to Vancouver.
23 Benito Mussolini founds the Fascist movement in Milan, Italy.
Born : APR 8 Ian Smith, Rhodesian prime minister.
Born : 9 John Presper Eckert, co invented first electronic computer (ENIAC)
Died : 10 Emiliano Zapata, Mexican revolutionary leader, shot by troops.
13 The Amritsar Massacre in India, British troops kill 379.
17 United Artists Film Co. was formed by Douglas Fairbanks,
Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford and producer D W Griffith.
28 First successful parachute jump is made.
Born : MAY 3 Pete Seeger, folk singer.
Born : 16 Liberace, candelabrist
3 America's first passenger flight (New York-Atlantic City)
Born : JUN 6 Lord Carrington, politician.
Born : 11 Richard Todd, actor.
Born : 29 Slim Pickens, actor, (Dr. Strangelove, Blazing Saddles)
8 Nicaragua asked the US for protection against Costa Rica.
14 First direct airplane crossing of the Atlantic.
15 John Alcock and Arthur Brown cross the Atlantic non-stop,
taking 16 hrs 12 m, they crash landed in an Irish bog.
21 German seamen scuttle their fleet at Scapa Flow, Orkney, in
protest at the severity of the treaty of Versailles.
28 The Treaty of Versailles, ending World War I, was signed.
Born : JUL 1 Iris Murdoch, British Author.
Born : 15 Iris Murdoch, Irish novelist.
Born : 20 Sir Edmund Hillary, New Zealand mountaineer, first up Mt. Everest.
Born : 24 Peter Yates, British film director.
1 First Class Postage DROPS to 2 cents from 3 cents.
6 First airship crossed the Atlantic, British R34, NY in 108 hrs.
13 British airship R-34 crosses the Atlantic in 13 days.
18 The Cenotaph in London's Whitehall was unveiled.
31 Weimar Republic established in post war Germany.
Born : AUG 8 Dino de Laurentis, Italian film director.
Born : 28 Godfrey Hounsfield, British inventor of the EMI-scanner.
Died : 8 Frank Winfield Woolworth, US chain store founder.
Died : 9 Ruggiero Leoncavello, Italian composer.
Died : 11 Andrew Carnegie, US industrialist and philanthropist.
Died : 27 Louis Botha, South African statesman.
14 Henry Ford labelled an anarchist by Chicago Tribune.
23 "Gasoline Alley" cartoon strip premiers in Chicago Tribune
25 World's first scheduled air flights began between London and Paris.
SEP 10 NYC welcomes home Gen. John J. Pershing and 25,000 WW I soldiers
10 Treaty of Saint-Germain, end of the Austrian Empire.
12 Gabriele D'Annunzio led an army and seized Fiume from Yugoslavia
16 The American Legion is incorporated.
18 Altitude flight record set by Roland Rohifs (US), 34610 ft.
Born : OCT 5 Donald Pleasance, English actor.
Born : 8 Pierre-Elliott Trudeau, Canadian statesman.
Born : 15 Sir Howard Colvin, historian.
Born : 17 Rita Hayworth, actress, Alzheimer's victim
Born : 18 Pierre Trudeau, Canadien
Born : 22 Doris Lessing, English novelist.
Born : 26 Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, shah of Iran (1941-79)
7 The oldest surviving airline, Dutch KLM was established.
11 First airline meals were served - London-Paris - 3 shillings each
17 The Radio Corporation of America (RCA), is created.
28 Volstead Act passed by Congress, starting Prohibition.
Born : NOV 3 Sir Ludovic Kennedy, Broadcaster.
Born : 24 David Kossoff, actor, author.
5 Jean Acker married Rudolph Valentino. It lasted less than 6 hours
10 The first airmail service began between London and Paris.
19 Treaty of Versailles & League of Nations rejected by US Senate
27 A meteor landed in Lake Michigan, tremors in nearby cities.
28 Nancy Astor, the first female MP, was elected for Plymouth.
28 Viscountess (Nancy) Astor became Britain's first woman MP.
Died : DEC 3 Auguste Renoir, French painter.
Died : 18 John Alcock, English aviator.
1 US-born Lady Nancy Astor became the first woman to take a seat
in the House of Commons, as MP for Sutton division of Plymouth.
10 Flight from Britain to Australia completed in 135 hrs by
British flyers Ross and Keith Smith in a Vickers Vimy.
20 Canadian National Railways established (longest on continent
with more than 50,000 kilo meters of track in US & Canada)
30 Lincoln's Inn, in London, admitted it's first female bar student.